This paper examines the performance differencesacross gender and age when operating a robotic manipulator armand also seeks to determine which human factors are consideredimportant predictors of performance for each group. To examinethese differences, 93 participants were recruited and divided upinto both male (46) and female (47) as well as young (46) and old(47). While men and women had nearly identical human factors,except for women exhibiting better dexterity, different navigationstrategies were utilized by the genders leading men to perform thetasks quicker and with less overall moves than women. While taskcompletion speed was affected most by working memory (WM)and spatial abilities for men, it was seen to be mostly dependenton physical abilities for women. Substantial differences were seenbetween the age cohorts in WM and dexterity which resulted inthe younger cohort completing tasks quicker and with a higherrate of commands than the older cohort; no difference was observed in the total number of moves which provided evidence of asimilar navigation strategy across the age groups. To improve taskspeed performance, older adults used all facets of their informationprocessing and spatial abilities as compared to the younger groupwho used a narrower subset. To compensate for the aforementioned variations in important human factors, human–computerinterface design considerations are suggested.
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