The Cucker–Smale flocking model is designed to analyze the velocity and position-control mechanisms in a group of living individuals, such as a flock of birds. In this model, each agent (a bird or fish) adjusts its velocity according to its own velocity and the weighted mean of the relative velocities of the other members of the flock. We herein focus on the simple, distributed,and autonomous nature of the flocking model and apply its operating principles to fair resource allocation for vehicle-mounted mobile relays (VMRs) by considering their need for distributed fair resource allocation in various network topologies. By adaptively adjusting theVMR transmission power, the proposed method effectively alleviates the interference between users in vehicles and users directly connected to the base station.We evaluate the performance of the proposed method in the context of the IEEE 802.16j based system. The achievable bandwidth performance of the proposed method is evaluated relative to that of both the fixed power allocation(FPA) method and the signal-to-interference plus noise ratio(SINR)-based transmit power control method. The result shows that the proposed method adjusts to various network topologies and provides better achievable bandwidth than both the SINR based method and the FPA method.
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