In this paper, a frequency diverse array based directional modulation with artificial noise(FDA-DM-AN) synthesis scheme is proposed to enhance physical layer security of wireless communications.We aim to optimize the secrecy performance by jointly optimizing the frequency offsets, the beam forming vector, and the artificial-noise projection matrix(ANPM). Specifically, we address the physical layer security problems for known locations of proximal eavesdropper (Eve) and legitimate user (LU). The beam forming vector and frequency offsets are designed to preserve the signal power at LU. The ANPM is calculated to minimize the effect of AN on LU. Furthermore,we extend our approach to the case of multi-LUs with unknown Eve locations. Being different from the case of a single LU, the frequency offsets across array antennas are optimized to equally allocate transmitted power to each LU. Numerical results show that the proposed method can provide a higher secrecy performance than conventional DM methods. In the case of multi-LUswith unknown Eve locations, the proposed method can provide a high secrecy capacity while achieving almost equal achievable capacity to each LU.
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